Becky Kuhn, M.D. debunks 10 more common myths about HIV/AIDS, including the myths that: HIV has never been isolated; HIV tests are often wrong; the U.S. Food and Drug Administration has not approved HIV tests; you are better off without ARVs than with them; antiretroviral medications (ARVs) are not effective for treating AIDS; AIDS is caused by Antiretroviral Medications (ARVs); AZT does more harm than good; AIDS is caused by use of inhaled recreational drugs such as nitrites (also known as âpoppersâ); AIDS is caused by injection drug use, not by HIV; and humans created HIV. Myths like these are harmful because they confuse people about the origin of HIV and its role as the cause of AIDS. Make sure you get accurate information about HIV and AIDS. Base decisions about your personal health and safety on the findings of research studies published in peer-reviewed scientific journals. HIV causes AIDS.